Your list of References Cited should include all of the references you cited in your paper, and no more! If you have more than one source by the same author published in the same year, distinguish them both in the in-text citation and in the reference list, by appending the letters a, b, c For information on evaluating internet sources, look at: You may wish to include citations for sources that add relevant information to your own work, or that present alternate views. Although you should use these citation formats in this and other biology courses, specific formats vary considerably for individual journals.
Ohio State University Library has a good webpage for citing web sources: Each model is shown as the full citation plus the in-text citation format. A Survival Guide for College Students
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Reference citations also provide avenues for interested readers to follow up on aspects of your work -- they help weave the web of science. Personal communications are generally not included in the References Cited or Bibliography section, although unpublished papers, reports or manuscripts should be. Follow the examples given below and you will be all set. Allen , revised A string of citations should be separated by semicolons, e.
If you want reference a paper found in another article , do so as follows: This document is also available in in Adobe Acrobat Format. Although you should use these citation formats in this and other biology courses, specific formats vary considerably for individual journals. Specific Format Models Each model is shown as the full citation plus the in-text citation format.
Typically, only the last name of the author s and the year of publication are given,e. Insincere courtship xxxx behavior in female mice. Articles with more than two authors are cited by the first authors last name followed "and others" or "et al. Cite references in the flow of the text as shown above. This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a book not done for journal articles.
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The reference citation style described here is a version of the "Author, Date" scientific style, adapted from Hansen and the Council of Biology Editors The work is presented here without copyright, although acknowledgement is of course appreciated. Anonymous OR Anonymous Authors' names MUST be listed in the citation in the same order as in the article. mba dissertation uk That system will not be presented here, but you should expect to encounter it in your reading of the literature.
Top of Page Formats for Complete Citations used in the Literature Cited In the Literature Cited you must provide complete citations for each of the published sources cited in your paper. This document is also available in in Adobe Acrobat Format. app essay editing iphone videos Throughout the body of your paper primarily the Intro and Discussion , whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information. The paper by Bugjuice is short, and if readers want to find the referenced information, they would not have as much trouble.
You should include enough information that your readers will be able to find these sources on their own. Science moves forward only by building upon the work of others. help write a welcome speech in english Physiological effects of estrogen on mouse courtship behavior. The simplest way to do this is to parenthetically give the author's last name and the year of publication, e. J Physiol 40 8:
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There are exceptions among the various journals, but generally, in biological journals, the most frequent types of citations are shown in the following examples in red: Government Printing Office, Washington, D. You may wish to include citations for sources that add relevant information to your own work, or that present alternate views. Physiological effects of estrogen on mouse courtship
If the same author s are cited for two or more papers published within the same year, place a small case letter after the year to denote the sequence in which you referred to them. Your Literature Cited section will contain the complete reference, and the reader can look it up there. Physiological effects of estrogen on mouse courtship The paper by Bugjuice is short, and if readers want to find the referenced information, they would not have as much trouble. But you also need to cite sources from which you paraphrase or summarize facts or ideas -- whether you've put the fact or idea into your own words or not, you got the fact or idea from somebody else and you need to give them proper acknowledgement even if an idea might be considered "common knowledge," but you didn't know it until you found it in a particular source.